Arnold Williams (notebuyer) wrote,
Arnold Williams
notebuyer

Jonathan Haidt Moral Foundations Theory

The original theory proposed five foundations:

1. Care/Harm, one of the two liberals accept
2. Fairness/Cheating, one of the two liberals accept
3. Loyalty/Betrayal,
4. Authority/Subversion,
5. Sanctity/Degradation.
Conservatives accept all 5 internationally. Dominant worldwide.

Newly, a sixth

 
6. Liberty/Oppression, because Libertarians use it almost exclusively. Further here

Definitions for the original 5:
- Care: cherishing and protecting others; opposite of harm
- Fairness or proportionality: rendering justice according to shared rules; opposite of cheating
- Loyalty or ingroup: standing with your group, family, nation; opposite of betrayal
- Authority or respect: submitting to tradition and legitimate authority; opposite of subversion
- Sanctity or purity: abhorrence for disgusting things, foods, actions; opposite of degradation

Recommended article: Haidt, J., & Graham, J. (2009). Planet of the Durkheimians, Where Community, Authority, and Sacredness are Foundations of Morality. In J. Jost, A. C. Kay, & H. Thorisdottir (Eds.), Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification. It is on SSRN. [Here is a link to the manuscript, which may be easier to read than the scanned version of the final article.]
–"This is the most sociological article I’ve ever written, and its one I’m most proud of. When I first read Durkheim, in graduate school, I had an experience of enlightenment — my first view of societies as emergent organisms. This article applies the ideas of Durkheim, Tonnies, and Weber to Moral Foundations Theory."

For a general overview of Moral Foundations Theory:
Graham, J., Haidt, J., Koleva, S., Motyl, M., Iyer, R., Wojcik, S., & Ditto, P. H. (2013). Moral foundations theory: The pragmatic validity of moral pluralism. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 47, p. 55-130. Link to manuscript here
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